According to Clean Air Action Group (Levegő Munkacsoport) there are enormous reserves in rail freight, truck traffic may be pressed back by them, without holding back the capacity of the economy.
In its study titled "Possible ways of switching over public road freight onto railways in Hungary" the NGO points out: the freight of several products - e.g.: agricultural products, building materials -, may be switched over onto railways, within a very short time.
The study made on the authority of the New York headquartered Institute for Transportation and Development Policy, points out the significant opportunity of heavy truck transportation by rail, the so called Ro-La.
According to their calculation, in one-two years, a yearly 6 million tons of commodities may be switched over onto railways from public roads, out of relatively low costs from the yearly transportation performance. Although in ton kilometer, it is only 2.5% of the commodities transported on public roads - id est, calculating by the performed distance -, it means much more, as in most cases, rail transports are longer than public road transports. On the base of the statement of the study, physically no obstacles occur in switching over 30 million ton km commodity from public road onto railways. This means a 12% en gross, and moreover, 25-30% in ton kms saving of freight performance.
Clean Air Action Group says, to develop the model of the sustainable transportation, to make an action plan for the implementation, are essential duties of the government. A part of it may be a step-by-step balancing of the competition terms, including the liquidation of the one-sided discounts for the public road transportation.
Out of the necessary measures, Clean Air Action Group considers the consequent enforcement of the "User Pays" and the "Polluter Pays" Principles as the most important, in goods transporting. As long as rail freighters pay the costs of their activities, the operators of heavy trucks cover only a fraction of that expense, which they cause.
(resource: MTI Eco)